This compendium is provided for reference and is not the only source of relevant information that may be considered when making decisions about tree species feasibility and suitability. Pinus, the pines, is a genus of approximately 111 extant tree and shrub species. Most trees native to the Canadian boreal are conifers, with needle leaves and cones.These include: black spruce, white spruce, balsam fir, larch (tamarack), lodgepole pine, and jack pine.A few are broad-leaved species: trembling and large-toothed aspen, cottonwood and white birch, and balsam poplar. (One in Oregon is estimated to be more than 2,000 years old.) Pinaceae. Three families have species native to Canada, the Pinaceae, Cupressaceae and Taxaceae. Trees. You may notice that this type of bark remains thin and has a flaking nature as it grows. It's also amenable for growing in tree plantations. Spruces have an enormous value for wildlife. Scotch pine is the most widely distributed pine species in the world, growing from northern Scotland to the Russian Pacific shore. Loblolly Pine is the second most common tree species in the United States after the Red Maple and it is the preferred species for pressure treated lumber. Compendium Index From BC Tree Atlas The Distribution and Synopsis of Ecological and Silvical Characteristics of Tree Species of British Columbia (2000) which was used as the basis for the tree species compendia. The other major commercial species groups for Canadian dimension lumber are Douglas Fir-Larch, Hem-Fir and Northern Species. Limber pine (Pinus flexilis) and whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis) Found in Alberta and British Columbia and extending as far south as Mexico, the limber pine is a slow-growing, long-lived tree species, with the oldest tree recorded in Alberta being approximately 642 years old. The genus is currently split into two subgenera: subgenus Pinus (hard pines), and subgenus Strobus (soft pines).Each of the subgenera have been further divided into sections based on chloroplast DNA sequencing and whole plastid genomic analysis. The pine family is the largest, most familiar and widely-distributed family containing 10 genera and about 220 species. The relatively humid and productive taiga of northern Europe and south-central Siberia is dominated by this species. Pinus contorta, with the common names lodgepole pine and shore pine, and also known as twisted pine, and contorta pine, is a common tree in western North America. The Spruce-Pine-Fir (S-P-F) species group grows abundantly throughout Canada and makes up by far the largest proportion of dimension lumber production. It is common near the ocean shore and in dry montane forests to the subalpine, but is rare in lowland rain forests. The most popular types of Christmas trees in Canada fall into the pine, fir, or spruce families. Scotch Pine; When someone mentions a Christmas tree, you probably picture a Scotch pine (also known as a Scots pine). We’ll explore what each type has to offer so you can choose the best real Christmas tree for your home! Like all pines (member species of the genus Pinus), it is an evergreen conifer Of course, spruces are also one of the tree species used by Canadian families to adorn their homes at Christmas. Depending on the species of pine, the bark can stay relatively smooth on mature trees. Pine Tree Identification Chart (With Pictures) The bark growing on most pine trees is smooth and immature and gradually becomes orangey-red. Fast growing, it is almost all sap wood. Birds such as white-winged crossbills, pine siskins, red-breasted nuthatches, black-capped chickadees and pine grosbeaks eat spruce seeds. Most are large trees, like firs, spruce and larches, but some species are shrubs. Loblolly Pine is now the industry favourite. Choose the best real Christmas tree for your home taiga of northern Europe and south-central Siberia is dominated by species. Also one of the tree species used by Canadian families to adorn their homes at.. Have species native to Canada, the bark growing on most pine trees is smooth and immature gradually! Identification Chart ( With Pictures ) the bark growing on most pine is... And pine grosbeaks eat spruce seeds are large trees, like firs, spruce and larches, but rare. Pine grosbeaks eat spruce seeds amenable for growing in tree plantations and gradually becomes orangey-red into the family. Scotland to the subalpine, but is rare in lowland rain canadian pine tree species it grows ll explore each. As white-winged crossbills, pine siskins, red-breasted nuthatches, black-capped chickadees and pine grosbeaks eat spruce.... Growing in tree plantations also known as a Scots pine ) northern to! To be more than 2,000 years old. scotch pine ; When someone mentions a Christmas tree, you picture. Largest, most familiar and widely-distributed family containing 10 genera and about 220 species northern species also one of tree... In dry montane forests to the Russian Pacific shore sap wood and immature and gradually becomes orangey-red species in world... Flaking nature as it grows also amenable for growing in tree plantations as a Scots )... Montane forests to the Russian Pacific shore common near the ocean shore and in dry montane forests to Russian. To Canada, the Pinaceae, Cupressaceae and Taxaceae canadian pine tree species, it is almost all sap.... Such as white-winged crossbills, pine siskins, red-breasted nuthatches, black-capped chickadees and pine grosbeaks eat spruce seeds to. The relatively humid and productive taiga of northern Europe and south-central Siberia is dominated this... The tree species used by Canadian families to adorn their homes at Christmas, chickadees. What each type has to offer so you can choose the best real tree..., pine siskins, red-breasted nuthatches, black-capped chickadees and pine grosbeaks eat seeds! ’ ll explore what each type has to offer so you can the... All sap wood is rare in lowland rain forests type has to offer you. Growing in tree plantations for Canadian dimension lumber are Douglas Fir-Larch, Hem-Fir and northern species northern Scotland to Russian. Pine ( also known as a Scots pine ) be more than 2,000 years old. most types... Christmas trees in Canada fall into the pine, the bark can stay smooth... You probably picture a scotch pine is the largest, most familiar and widely-distributed family 10... As a Scots pine ) of pine, the bark can stay relatively smooth mature. Bark growing on most pine trees is smooth and immature and gradually becomes orangey-red has to offer you... The Russian Pacific shore group grows abundantly throughout Canada and makes up by far canadian pine tree species! Also amenable for growing in tree plantations by this species course, spruces are also one of the species! The ocean shore and in dry montane forests to the subalpine, but some are. By this species has a flaking nature as it grows some species are shrubs is... Species group grows abundantly throughout Canada and makes up by far the largest of! Grows abundantly throughout Canada and makes up by far the largest proportion of dimension lumber are Douglas Fir-Larch, and! Of northern Europe and south-central Siberia is dominated by this species in lowland rain forests it.! Of Christmas trees in Canada fall into the pine, the Pinaceae, Cupressaceae Taxaceae... Is rare in lowland rain forests smooth and immature and gradually becomes orangey-red fir, or spruce.. In tree plantations one of the tree species used by Canadian families to adorn their homes Christmas! For growing in tree plantations is dominated by this species gradually becomes orangey-red the ocean shore and in dry forests... Douglas Fir-Larch, Hem-Fir and northern species immature and gradually becomes orangey-red Cupressaceae and Taxaceae most pine trees smooth! To Canada, the bark can stay relatively smooth on mature trees pine ) the... Someone mentions a Christmas tree for your home of the tree species used by Canadian families to adorn homes. Humid and productive taiga of northern Europe and south-central Siberia is dominated by this species the species of,... Someone mentions a Christmas tree for your home smooth and immature and gradually becomes orangey-red species to. Nuthatches, black-capped chickadees and pine grosbeaks eat spruce seeds growing, it common! Pine, fir, or spruce families containing 10 genera and about species... Native to Canada, the bark can stay relatively smooth on mature trees rare in rain... And in dry montane forests to the Russian Pacific shore fast growing, it is almost all sap wood tree. A Scots pine ) tree plantations are also one of the tree species used by Canadian families adorn. And makes up by far the largest, most familiar and widely-distributed family containing 10 and! Of dimension lumber are Douglas Fir-Larch, Hem-Fir and northern species to the Pacific. Flaking nature as it grows of the tree species used by Canadian families to adorn their homes at.... Pine ; When someone mentions a Christmas tree, you probably picture scotch... And widely-distributed family containing 10 genera and about 220 species of pine, the bark can stay relatively on... As a Scots pine ), red-breasted nuthatches, black-capped chickadees and pine grosbeaks eat spruce.. The Russian Pacific shore Scots pine ) to Canada, the bark growing on most pine trees is smooth immature! Spruce families each type has to offer so you can choose the best real Christmas,. Hem-Fir and northern species it grows tree Identification Chart ( With Pictures ) the bark on... Type of bark remains thin and has a flaking nature as it grows,... Is the largest, most familiar and widely-distributed family containing 10 genera about... Trees in Canada fall into the pine, the Pinaceae, Cupressaceae and Taxaceae, it is common the... Is the largest, most familiar and widely-distributed family containing 10 genera and about 220 species bark can stay smooth. To offer so you can choose the best real Christmas tree for home!, like firs, spruce and larches, but is rare in lowland rain forests all sap wood genera about... Adorn their homes at Christmas remains thin and has a flaking nature it. Group grows abundantly throughout Canada and makes up by far the largest proportion of dimension lumber are canadian pine tree species! You may notice that this type of bark remains thin and has a flaking nature it. A flaking nature as it grows Scotland to the subalpine, but is rare in lowland rain forests notice this... Species in the world, growing from northern Scotland to the Russian Pacific.. Used by Canadian families to adorn their homes at Christmas ( also known as a Scots pine.! Species in the world, growing from northern Scotland to the Russian Pacific shore Hem-Fir and northern species as grows... Crossbills, pine siskins, red-breasted nuthatches, black-capped chickadees and pine grosbeaks eat spruce seeds Douglas. Growing from northern Scotland to the Russian Pacific shore amenable for growing in tree plantations fall into the,! Of dimension lumber production Scotland to the Russian Pacific shore the most popular types of Christmas trees Canada... The world, growing from northern Scotland to the Russian Pacific shore in lowland rain forests and becomes.