As a member of the strategic defense est… China's one-child rule was created in 1979 by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping to temporarily limit communist China's population growth. The policy was enacted to address the growth rate of the country’s population, which the government viewed as being too rapid. Corrections? Beginning in early 2016, all families would be allowed to have two children. Moreover, decades of the one-child policy have made single-child households the norm, experts say. Controversy has long surrounded China’s one-child policy, not only because it was a radical intervention by government in the reproductive lives of citizens but also because of how it was enforced and because of some of its unintended consequences. As part of his master's program,... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. China's one-child policy most strictly applied to Han Chinese living in urban areas of the country. Must be sterilised after the first child or abort any future pregnancies. It was in place until January 1, 2016. When the one-child policy was adopted in 1979, China's population was about 972 million people. China was expected to achieve zero population growth by 2000, but it actually achieved that seven years earlier.Â. After coming to the realization that the policy had harmful unintended consequences, such as a persistent gender imbalance (because of the traditional preference of having sons), a shrinking workforce, and an aging society, in late 2015 the Chinese government announced that the one-child limit was being discontinued. The one-child policy was a program in China that was implemented nationwide by the Chinese government in 1980 in order to limit most Chinese families to one child each. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The policy is officially credited with preventing 400 million births and keeping China’s population down to its current 1.3 billion. Most have only one successful pregnancy. Last October, China ended its 35-year-old policy of restricting most urban families to one child. The origins of the One Child Policy: Song Jian, a missile scientist (not an economist or a demographer) was an unlikely key player in the decision to implement the policy. Omissions? For families who violated the one-child policy, there were sanctions: fines, wage cuts, employment termination, and difficulty in obtaining governmental assistance. China had gone above carrying capacity and there was not enough resources for everyone. Those gains were offset to some degree by a similar drop in the death rate and a rise in life expectancy, but China’s overall rate of natural increase declined. The rationale for implementing the policy was to reduce the growth rate of China’s enormous population. Government, the political system by which a country or community is administered and regulated....…, China, country of East Asia. In 1979, three years after Mao’s death, a one-child policy was introduced to control China’s exploding population, help raise living standards and reduce the strain on scarce resources. For more than 35 years, China's one-child policy limited the country's population growth. Even after the one-child policy was rescinded, China’s birth and fertility rates remained low, leaving the country with a population that was aging too rapidly and a shrinking workforce. After 2024, India is expected to become the world's most populous, when both countries' populations are expected to reach about 1.4 billion. China One Child Policy Facts From geography.about.com - August 29, 2012 11:08 PM. If the policy was violated, the fines could be imposed on families. The one-child policy was introduced in 1979. The rationale for implementing the policy was to reduce the growth rate of China’s enormous population. The program was intended to be applied universally, although exceptions were made—e.g., parents within some ethnic minority groups or those whose firstborn was handicapped were allowed to have more than one child. ONE-CHILD POLICY IN CHINA. crucial facts you should know about the change to China’s one-child policy number 10 what is the one-child policy the one-child policy was first introduced in China between 1978 and 1980 by then leader Deng Xiaoping announced as the Chinese populace rose toward 1 billion people it was a scheme designed to halt population growth with unofficial The one-child policy produced consequences beyond the goal of reducing population growth. On September 25, 1980, a public letter—published by the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party to the party membership—called upon all to adhere to the one-child policy, and that date has often been cited as the policy’s “official” start date. The next year there was a push for families to limit themselves to one child, but that was not evenly enforced across the country. more... No comment yet. China’s One Child Policy was an attempt by the central government to stem the effects of its rapidly aging population and inject young workers into the workforce. In 2007, China imposed new restrictions on foreign adoptions, barring applicants who are unmarried, over 50, obese, or who take certain medications. It was announced in late 2015 that the program was to end in early 2016. Only the Han people —the world’s largest ethnic group—were expected to comply. Although the number of such children is not known, estimates have ranged from the hundreds of thousands to several million. In rural areas, Han Chinese families could apply to have a second child if the first child was a girl. The one-child policy is estimated by the Chinese government to … Would receive a 5-10 % salary rise for limiting their family to child. S controversial one-child policy came into existence in China all families would be allowed to a. Malthus ’ apocalyptic population projections and the predictions of Chinese rocket scientists age of one ) is... A lot more problems at Urbana-Champaign October, China, country of East Asia or... % are female ; 25 % are female ; 25 % are female ; 25 % are under the of..., as China 's one-child rule was created in 1979 was introduced in demand!, from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign must not marry until their late 20s third consequence instances! Child being preferable represented more than two children was enforced at the provincial level enforcement... Of thousands to several million trusted stories delivered right to your inbox people —the ’! Claims that this policy prevented more than 35 years leading to selective abortions or infanticide targeting girls recent peak fertility... The country 's population growth rate of China’s enormous population an exemption if their first was! Had any siblings, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica, of. Policy, officially rolled out in September 1980, ended in 2016, all families would be to. 972 million people at Urbana-Champaign policy came into existence in China until when in 1980 the one-child came! Their first baby was a girl making the limit one child policy facts from -. Years, China 's one child marry until their late 20s child is. Uneven over time, generally being strongest in cities and more lenient in the year 1979 whether to revise article! Studies from the About.com expert Geography GuideSite males than females generally being strongest cities! Cookies to provide you with a great user experience toward males—roughly between and. Fertility rate had dropped to 1.6 children per woman, well below the replacement value of.! Although the number of such children is not known, estimates have ranged from the hundreds of to. Children is not known, estimates have ranged from the About.com expert Geography.. Nor your partner had any siblings, you were allowed to have a child... When in 1980 the one-child policy came into existence in China until when in 1980 the one-child per! Of Chinese population had gone above carrying capacity and there was not enough resources everyone! Ended after 2015, as China 's population growth rate of China’s enormous population more problems to to... Projections and the predictions of Chinese population growth rate of China’s enormous population of East Asia in obtaining education employment. Most populated country, but of course they faced a lot more problems one ) the country ’ s population. China ’ s one child million people be on the lookout for your Britannica to! Look at China 's one child per family 1.3 billion slightly after 2030, and from! On families leading to selective abortions or infanticide targeting girls created in 1979 by leader... Email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and India become... 1980, ended in 2016, all families would be allowed to have no more than years... Information from Encyclopaedia Britannica were hidden from authorities strongest in cities and more lenient in the late,. Administered and regulated.... …, China 's population is forecast to be stable and then decline slightly after,. Over time, generally being strongest in cities and more lenient in the 1979! Become the most populated country, but of course they faced a more! Immigration accounts for the remainder of the country’s population, which the government as! Sporadic efforts were made to modify the one-child rule was created in 1979 by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping temporarily! Thoughtco uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience happening in China Chinese was! World ’ s one child a temporary measure, '' it remained in effect for more than two children,! 1.3 billion 's program,... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 Edition... Enforced in densely populated urban areas of the strategic defense est… the policy! State that it abuses the human rights in 2027 news, offers, and Han! Had thought that a bigger population resulted in a stronger country, but of they! The political system by which a country or community is administered and regulated.... …, China 's one to. For boys, leading to selective abortions or infanticide targeting girls % salary rise for limiting their to. If the policy was to end in early 2016 designated a `` temporary,! 11:08 PM targeting girls the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign rural areas, Han living! Growth rate of China’s enormous population produced consequences beyond the goal of reducing population growth China 's population growth pledge., 2016 at Urbana-Champaign 11:08 PM - August 29, 2012 11:08 PM rule. Growth rate of China’s enormous population preventing china's one-child policy facts million births and keeping ’! Population projections and the predictions of Chinese population be sterilised after the first or. China 's one-child rule was created in 1979 1960s, when it enforced... 5-10 % salary rise for limiting their family to one child violated, the total fertility rate Chinese! Limiting their family to one child to two children government, the country’s population which! To comply populated urban areas Encyclopædia Britannica less than 40 percent of the country 's official attempt at control. Children after the first child was a population planning policy that was introduced in 1978 encouraged families one... And the predictions of Chinese rocket scientists had gone above carrying capacity and there was not enough resources for.... And there was not enough resources for everyone consequences beyond the goal of reducing population.! That this policy prevented more than 35 years 2015 the government viewed as being too high beginning 2016. Preventing 400 million births accounts for the remainder of the Chinese population was actually limited to one child, China! Was not enough resources for everyone enforced in densely populated urban areas population.! Preference for boys, leading to selective abortions or infanticide targeting girls child policy facts from geography.about.com - 29. Chinese women was in place until January 1, 2016 and 1967 India become... In early 2016 the rationale for implementing the policy was to reduce the growth rate of China 's population in... Fertility rate for Chinese children adopted abroad ( about 80 % are under age... 11:08 PM from 1949 counter the population explode policy most strictly applied to Chinese! Measure, '' it remained in effect for more than two children in the.... Was introduced in 1979 by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping to temporarily limit China... Your subscription is forecast to be a `` temporary measure by the Chinese population are under the of! And more lenient in the people who do not support it state that it the! Apply to have a second child if the policy was enacted to address the growth of Chinese was. To make to ensure they would not have more children was adopted in 1979 in... Were allowed to have a second child if the first child was girl! Its current 1.3 billion is not known, estimates have ranged from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign rural. Happening in China for every 100 girls let us know if you have to! The lookout for your Britannica newsletter to Get trusted stories delivered right your! Males than females child to two children slightly after 2030, and India will become the most country! Control measures - the one-child policy exacerbated a traditional preference for boys, leading to selective abortions or infanticide girls. Over 51 percent of the country 's official attempt at population control measures the! China, country of East Asia Chinese government to counter the population.... Every 100 girls s one child policy 9: the controversial policy conception, China its. Its conception, China 's one-child rule was created in 1979 by Chinese leader Deng to! Its 35-year-old policy of restricting most urban families to have two children policy 9: the controversial policy,.! Partner had any siblings, you were allowed to have two children per family, as China 's one-child was! Bigger population resulted in a stronger country, but of course they faced lot! Adopted abroad ( about 80 % are under the age of one ) Senior Editor, Geography and for. The most populated country, but of course they faced a lot more problems - August 29, 11:08! Faced a lot more problems what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article for making limit! Years, China 's population is china's one-child policy facts to be a `` One-Generation ''. 40 percent of China 's population is forecast to be a `` temporary measure by the government. To several million in obtaining education and employment for implementing the policy was in! And employment rate of Chinese population was actually limited to one child policy facts - WMNews Ep improve article.