As a member of the strategic defense est… China's one-child rule was created in 1979 by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping to temporarily limit communist China's population growth. The policy was enacted to address the growth rate of the country’s population, which the government viewed as being too rapid. Corrections? Beginning in early 2016, all families would be allowed to have two children. Moreover, decades of the one-child policy have made single-child households the norm, experts say. Controversy has long surrounded China’s one-child policy, not only because it was a radical intervention by government in the reproductive lives of citizens but also because of how it was enforced and because of some of its unintended consequences. As part of his master's program,... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. China's one-child policy most strictly applied to Han Chinese living in urban areas of the country. Must be sterilised after the first child or abort any future pregnancies. It was in place until January 1, 2016. When the one-child policy was adopted in 1979, China's population was about 972 million people. China was expected to achieve zero population growth by 2000, but it actually achieved that seven years earlier.Â. After coming to the realization that the policy had harmful unintended consequences, such as a persistent gender imbalance (because of the traditional preference of having sons), a shrinking workforce, and an aging society, in late 2015 the Chinese government announced that the one-child limit was being discontinued. The one-child policy was a program in China that was implemented nationwide by the Chinese government in 1980 in order to limit most Chinese families to one child each. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The policy is officially credited with preventing 400 million births and keeping China’s population down to its current 1.3 billion. Most have only one successful pregnancy. Last October, China ended its 35-year-old policy of restricting most urban families to one child. The origins of the One Child Policy: Song Jian, a missile scientist (not an economist or a demographer) was an unlikely key player in the decision to implement the policy. Omissions? For families who violated the one-child policy, there were sanctions: fines, wage cuts, employment termination, and difficulty in obtaining governmental assistance. China had gone above carrying capacity and there was not enough resources for everyone. Those gains were offset to some degree by a similar drop in the death rate and a rise in life expectancy, but China’s overall rate of natural increase declined. The rationale for implementing the policy was to reduce the growth rate of China’s enormous population. Government, the political system by which a country or community is administered and regulated....…, China, country of East Asia. In 1979, three years after Mao’s death, a one-child policy was introduced to control China’s exploding population, help raise living standards and reduce the strain on scarce resources. For more than 35 years, China's one-child policy limited the country's population growth. Even after the one-child policy was rescinded, China’s birth and fertility rates remained low, leaving the country with a population that was aging too rapidly and a shrinking workforce. After 2024, India is expected to become the world's most populous, when both countries' populations are expected to reach about 1.4 billion. China One Child Policy Facts From geography.about.com - August 29, 2012 11:08 PM. If the policy was violated, the fines could be imposed on families. The one-child policy was introduced in 1979. The rationale for implementing the policy was to reduce the growth rate of China’s enormous population. The program was intended to be applied universally, although exceptions were made—e.g., parents within some ethnic minority groups or those whose firstborn was handicapped were allowed to have more than one child. ONE-CHILD POLICY IN CHINA. crucial facts you should know about the change to China’s one-child policy number 10 what is the one-child policy the one-child policy was first introduced in China between 1978 and 1980 by then leader Deng Xiaoping announced as the Chinese populace rose toward 1 billion people it was a scheme designed to halt population growth with unofficial The one-child policy produced consequences beyond the goal of reducing population growth. On September 25, 1980, a public letter—published by the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party to the party membership—called upon all to adhere to the one-child policy, and that date has often been cited as the policy’s “official” start date. The next year there was a push for families to limit themselves to one child, but that was not evenly enforced across the country. more... No comment yet. China’s One Child Policy was an attempt by the central government to stem the effects of its rapidly aging population and inject young workers into the workforce. In 2007, China imposed new restrictions on foreign adoptions, barring applicants who are unmarried, over 50, obese, or who take certain medications. It was announced in late 2015 that the program was to end in early 2016. Only the Han people —the world’s largest ethnic group—were expected to comply. Although the number of such children is not known, estimates have ranged from the hundreds of thousands to several million. 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